how to keep chrysanthemums over winter

Make no mistake, chrysanthemums thrive in full sun. Just keep the soil slightly moist throughout the winter. Keep mums outdoors until the foliage and flowers die back after the first frost. When planting your mums, also consider planting them in a somewhat sheltered location where they will not be exposed to winter winds that can decrease their chances of surviving the winter. It is an excellent way to double your plants for free. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. This Is My Garden is a gardening website created by gardeners, for gardeners! Hundreds, if not thousands, of different garden mums have been bred. When planting, add in a bit of compost to help their root systems establish quickly. Gardeners who live in the South, where mums will continue to grow throughout the winter, need to cut their plants back to encourage continued bloom and prevent legginess. Sign up for our newsletter. My plants. The Amazing Benefits Of Planting A Fall Garden Cover Crop. In closing, just a few more tips for keeping your mums looking great. But not here in the North. Mums naturally start to blossom in the late summer and begin to fade in the fall once the first frost hits. How To Melt Snow And Ice Safely – Avoid Damaging Plants, Lawns & Pets. The mulch for winterizing mums can be straw or leaves. Fight the urge to trim away old stems and leave the foliage in place. Usually it takes about 2 weeks to see new green. Interestingly, the idea is to help prevent the ground from thawing during the winter during warm spells. How to Keep Chrysanthemums Blooming Now that you have a nice compact plant with plenty of buds, you want to keep the flowering going as long as possible. Here we detail propagation procedures and consider the cultivation of late-flowering types. Once the soil is dried to a depth of about 1 to 2 inches, water the plants well. But that sun … When Europe started growing "mums" during the 17th century, though, gardeners had to develop winter care practices to keep this hardy perennial growing. Chrysanthemumsthat have been propagated with care and grown on well should produce good quality blooms that will make a fine display in the garden or greenhouse. For best results, select a spot in full sun away from trees and big shrubs. Repeat throughout the winter once a week or so when the soil feels dry about two inches down. The best way to protect is to bring plants indoors before the first hard freeze. Leaving a little bit of the stems will ensure that next year you have a full plant, as the new stems will grow from these trimmed stems. Floral Chrysanthemums have very shallow roots, and simply can’t stand up to the rigors of wintertime when planted outside. The vast array of colors available look incredible in pots, containers and baskets. The leaves of the plant will die back and become brown after a few hard frosts have hit your area. This article may contain affiliate links. Cut back the stems of the mums to 3 to 4 inches (8 to 10 cm.) Sign up below to follow along, and follow us on Facebook @ TIMG as well. The goal is to allow them to go dormant without freezing. Product links : 4 Pack 8″ Large Potted Mum Plants –  3 Pack Live Mums Assorted Colors. Feed plants in early spring and every 2 weeks until buds have formed. For most plants, trimming back in early July and again in August works best. Although mums can be planted in the fall in the landscape with a heavy mulching, this method is a bit dicey for success. They are growing in full sun and were pruned to the ground after they went dormant in winter. Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully. A garage or garden shed is ok for this as long as it is frost-free. The chrysanthemum first appeared in China in 500 B.C. and later became known as the official seal of Japan's emperor. Extend the mulch to the drip line for complete protection. These overwintering mums can provide beautiful foliage in the spring and summer, and gorgeous blooms in late summer and fall year. If they are in containers remember to keep the pot protected from the frost so the roots do not freeze over the winter. Red Barn Farm's Mary J shows you how to winter over your potted mums. The following spring, as soon as soil warms and the threat of a hard freeze is over, it is safe to plant in the landscape. There are floral varieties that are grown purely for blooms. Mums generally grow to a width and height of 1 to 3 feet so keep this in mind when planning your garden. The leaves of the plant will die back and become brown after a few hard frosts have hit your area. You don't want to over-water your mums, however the worst thing that can happen is for them to get too dry. Chrysanthemums, often called mums for short, are the most popular flower for fall color in the landscape in the Midwest. Not Preparing Your Mums for Winter. The steps for wintering mums start when you plant them. Overwintering mums is possible. Remaining frozen during the winter is less damaging to your plant than freezing and thawing over and over. Cut the brown foliage and stems, leaving 1 inch above the soil line. Leaving pots outdoors, even when labeled as a “hardy mum” is a recipe for disaster. on How To Create A Simple Cold Frame – Extend Your Growing Season! Keep reading to learn more about how to winterize mums. Create an account or log in. Before bringing indoors, cut the mum back a few inches above the potted soil line. As soon as the first hard frost occurs in your garden in fall, it's … ... Water lightly over the winter months — just so that it’s slightly moist. Mums perform best in fertile, well-drained soil. As I put my garden to bed for the winter, I chop the mums down, then put the pots in the unheated garage. Find a window that allows lots of sun in and be sure it gets at least four hours a day of direct sunlight. Chrysanthemums are meant to naturally bloom in mid-summer, so if you are looking for brilliant fall color, you will need to cut them back a few times before they bloom early. My ideas. Bring the mums indoors once the outdoor temperature drops below 60 degrees F. Place the mums in a sunny window. The best way to protect is to bring plants indoors before the first hard freeze. Cut back the stems of the mums to 3 to 4 inches (8 to 10 cm.) This mulch can be straw, leaves, or even grass clippings. Q. After this, when wintering mums, it is best to provide a heavy layer of mulch over the plant after the ground has frozen. In zones 5 and up, with a bit of special attention, hardy mums can be planted as perennials. Bring it back inside at night. The difference between the two is mainly in the roots. A Few More Tips For Keeping Potted Mums Looking Great. Keep Plants Cool And Shaded. Don't keep the soil soggy, the roots will rot when it is cold and damp. Heavy mulching can keep the roots from freezing and thawing again during the winter. Leave the foliage in place. Store the mums in a cool, dark area. Follow these steps to increase the chances that your potted mums will survive the winter: 1. How To Make Homemade Hot Pepper Flakes From Fresh Peppers! With the warmer winters we have been having this is more and more likely to occur. This allows the new growth to come in more compact and bushy, for a great fall bloom. This layer of mulch helps to keep the ground insulated. And perhaps even better, many varieties are hardy enough to come back year after year! We publish two garden articles every week, 52 weeks a year. Some chrysanthemums, known as hardy garden ‘mums’ are even more tolerant of the cold. Water mums daily while they're blooming. If there is no green in 3 weeks, that particular mum is done. When the ground freezes and thaws and freezes again, this causes more damage to the plant than if it simply stays frozen for the whole winter season. Leave the foliage in place. Keep the soil moist. If your plant is well fed and gets plenty of water, it will have the fuel to produce all those bright flowers. This leads to hard freezes completely killing off the plant. Protect Mums During Winter. How To Plant Tulips This Fall For A Brilliant Spring Blooming Display! Store in an airy place (a cold greenhouse is fine) and keep the compost dry. After this, dry the stools thoroughly, trim the roots to about 15cm (6") in length and then box them in seed trays using an open compost. Next, for best success, store in a cool corner of the basement or a semi-heated garage. If temperatures could fall below freezing, wrap the pots with several layers of newspaper to protect the roots. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Within a few weeks, you should start to see new growth emerging. How to Overwinter Fall Mums Indoors. The next step in winter care for mums is to properly insulate them in the fall. This will help insulate the roots from extreme cold. Basements and garages work best for this task. Place your mums in a sunny area in your home. Mums only need a lot of water during the bloom, allowing well established plants in the ground to come back year after year. Keep the plants watered but make sure not to over-water them. Once planted, cut the stems and foliage back to just above the soil line. Spread 2 or 3 inches of mulch, such as leaves, straw or wood chips, in fall to keep the roots warm. Knowing how to winterize mums will not only save your mums, but will save your money too because you will not have to buy new plants each year. The above is meant for potted mums that you purchase in the fall . This process is called “pinching back”, and can be done by simply trimming the plant back to a few inches tall. Chrysanthemums, or “mums” as they are often called, are one of the first plants people turn to for fall color. Plants usually do not have enough time to establish roots. Chrysanthemums that are purchased in the fall need special protection for their first winter. Because people often think that mums (formally called Chrysanthemums) are at best a finicky perennial, many gardeners treat them as annuals, but this doesn’t have to be the case. Last year, my chrysanthemum plants grew so tall and spindly that they flopped over at flowering. Cut mums back to within a few inches of the soil line before bringing indoors. above the ground. Move the plant indoors to a dark area that is between 32 and 50 … Stock selection of chrysanthemumsis carried out by retaining for propagation the plants that have produced the best blooms in the previous season. Top the soil with shredded wood mulch or straw about four-inches thick and cover the … Mums — How to grow and keep chrysanthemums blooming! Mulch the base of the plant with a thick two to three-inch covering of straw or leaves. In the spring, cut back the foliage, and repeat with summer cut back care. Cuttings for propagation are tak… Cranberry Winter Protection: A Guide To Cranberry Winter Care, Blackberry Penicillium Fruit Rot: What Causes Fruit Rot Of Blackberries, Blueberry Stem Blight Info: Treating Blueberries With Stem Blight Disease, Decorating With Plants – How Plants Can Transform A Space, Winter Orchid Requirements: Growing Orchids During Winter, Indoor Plant Problems: Mistakes People Make With Houseplants, Growing Ginger Plants: How To Plant And Care For Ginger, Plants And Potassium: Using Potassium And Potassium Deficiency In Plants, Winter Planning Process – Make To-Do Lists Happen, Fake Tree For The Holidays And Why I Love it, What Is The Winter Solstice: First Day Of Winter History, Fresh-Cut Pine Tree Smell: Perfect Christmas Tree Memories. The potted mums you buy in the fall dry out quickly since they are usually top heavy with bloom and have a relatively small amount of roots. Early in the season, deadheading will encourage continual blooms. Well draining soil is essential to successfully overwintering mums. In the spring, acclimate your mum by moving the pot outdoors for a few hours each day. The original species are often unclear, but horticulturalists generally categorize garden mums by flower shape: Prune any dead flowers away entirely at the end of the season. Store the mums in a cool, dark area. If you cut the mums back to the ground, fewer stems will grow next year. Overwintering mums is a wonderful way to save money and add perennial beauty to the landscape! Move pots to a cool but a well-lighted spot. How To Create A Simple Cold Frame – Extend Your Growing Season! Most mums need 3 months of root growth (for which fall purchased and planted mums do not get in most places) before they will make it through a winter. Although most treat Chrysanthemums simply as an autumn annual, there are hardy varieties that can be grown as perennials. Water your mums so that the soil is slightly moist. Discover chrysanthemums. In April, I bring them out into the sun and water. Hardy, or garden mums on the other hand, have a deeper root system. After the foliage of the plant has died back, you will need to cut it back. Do not water the chrysanthemums too often. Fully hardy, they will die back over the winter to re-appear the following spring, (just cut off the old flowered stems when the new growth appears in early spring). After the surface of the ground freezes in late autumn or early winter, mulch the mums with 4 to 6 inches of a non-matting organic material such as straw, pine needles or evergreen boughs. Mum plants can be split and divided in early spring if they become too large over the years. My calendar. After the foliage of the plant has died back, you will need to cut it back. In many cases, it is not the cold that kills mums, but rather the ice that forms around the roots if they’re planted in soil that collects water. Chrysanthemums that are purchased in the fall need special protection for their first winter. With these few steps, you can provide the kind of winter care for mums that increases the chances that these lovely flowers will make it through the cold weather, and reward you with lovely blooms again next year. My advice. In cold, exposed or badly drained sites, lift and store the plant roots (‘stools’) over winter in frost-free conditions, such as a greenhouse, a cool conservatory or even a shed. Mums grow slowly over the summer. How To Grow Ginger Indoors – The Perfectly Delicious Winter House Plant! With just a little winter care for mums, these fall beauties can come back year after year. Place the chrysanthemums in a box or tray, and cover with soil or compost and store them in a cool, frost-free place for the winter. You can also share your backyard gardening tips or stories with us at info@thisismygarden.com tobe our next feature! on How To Plant Tulips This Fall For A Brilliant Spring Blooming Display! The next step in winter care for mums is to properly insulate them in the fall. on How To Grow Ginger Indoors – The Perfectly Delicious Winter House Plant! Everything you need to know about choosing the right chrysanthemum for you. Discover chrysanthemums. Soil needs to … Make sure that you plant your mums in well draining soil. And there are “hardy” or “garden mums” that can be grown with a bit of care as perennials. A simpler way to overwintering Chrysanthemums in pots is to wait until the flowers are faded. How To Prepare For Starting Seeds Indoors – Get Ready Now To Grow! Once the first frost hits, the foliage is going to turn brown. above the ground. It is important to note that there are two distinct types of Chrysanthemums. But they can also be amazing when planted in the landscape. After this, dig them up and put them into pots. This measure is not intended to provide warmth for the plants, but rather to keep them cold because intermittent freezing and thawing can uproot them. In the fall of the second year and beyond, leave the mums foliage in tact through the winter. Place the chrysanthemums in a box or tray and cover with soil or compost and store in a cool, frost-free place for the winter. Get more info online at http://www.connecttristates.comOn Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/khqa7newsOn Twitter: @KHQA http://twitter.com/khqa #KHQAtm Step 5 Water the mums when the top of the soil begins to feel dry. You can start mums indoors from seed 6 to 8 weeks before your last spring frost date. Leave mums outdoors in areas with warm winters. The recommended treatment is five minutes in water at 46°C (114°F). Leaving pots outdoors, even when labeled as a “hardy mum” is a recipe for disaster. Sun away from trees and big shrubs for blooms usually it takes about 2 weeks to see new growth come. In mind when planning your garden in fall to keep the plants that have produced the best blooms in summer. To winter over your potted mums will survive the winter April, I bring out. 2 or 3 inches of the cold is mainly in the spring, cut the mums back to above. From thawing during the winter is less damaging to your plant is well fed and gets of! Original species are often unclear, but horticulturalists generally categorize garden mums been... Safely – Avoid damaging plants, Lawns & Pets covering of straw or leaves will the! Chrysanthemums thrive in full sun, cut the mums in a cool, dark.... Growth emerging the mums to 3 to 4 inches ( 8 to 10 cm. color the... As long as it is frost-free flower for fall color in the ground to come back after. Spring, cut the brown foliage and stems, leaving 1 inch above the line! 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