german raider thor

She was the only raider to do so successfully. These emit Lightning bolts that may harm Lara if she's inside the circle of grey tiles. [1], After the battle with Alcantara, Thor repaired her battle damage, cleaned her boilers and changed her disguise. 84 of Natia's 85 crew were taken aboard Thor, bringing her total to 368. Known as Schiff 28, her Royal Navy designation was Raider H. She was the last operative German raider of World War II. The Rossbach was eventually torpedoed by the American submarine USS Burrfish, in the Kii Channel, Japan, in May 1944.[6]. Captain Kähler decided to send the ship under a prize crew to Lorient, France, where she arrived safely twelve days later. Sweden was neutral in World War II, but Trollenholm was found to have been chartered by the British to take coal from Newcastle to Port Said. If you enter the room, you'll spot spheres hanging from the ceiling. She first arrived there in November, but was plagued with engine problems and had to return to Germany for repairs in January 1942. Thor began rescuing Voltaire's crew from a safe distance of 4,000 yards to avoid damage from any secondary explosions. The Third Officer, three other Dutchmen and eight Chinese were able to lower a single boat, but Thor was only able to locate one man in the water. During March 1940, commissioned as a commerce raider named Thor under the command of Captain Otto Kähler. The German auxiliary cruiser THOR, built in 1938 as the cargo SANTA CRUZ for the Oldenburg-Portugiesischen Dampfschifffahrts-gesellschaft by Deutsche Werft, Hamburg was armed and used in WWII as a raider. Rossbach was eventually torpedoed by the American submarine USS Burrfish, in the Kii Channel, Japan, in May 1944. on 6th june 1940, captain otto kÄhler took thor out of harbor to embark on her 329-long day long first cruise, probably the most.. The entire crew was taken aboard Thor, and a prize crew took the renamed Hohenfriedburg to Japan. They were armed with a main battery of nine 15 cm (5.9 in) guns and with twelve 50 cm (20 in) torpedo tubes. [1]. They may have been torpedoed, have suffered marine casualties, or have gone down before the guns of some fast surface raider. On 25 March Thor intercepted the Britannia, an 8,800 ton British passenger ship. She was unable to send a distress or raider signal before she was disabled and sunk by demolition charges. The Königsberg class, sometimes referred to as the K class, was a class of light cruisers of the German Reichsmarine and Kriegsmarine. Despite a range of problems and defects, Detmers elected to repair problems at sea instead of taking the ship into dock and delaying their mission. Also known to the Kriegsmarine as Schiff 10 ; to the Royal Navy she was Raider … The ship was finished off with a torpedo. Since leaving France in January she had sunk or captured 10 ships of 56,000 tons. SHIP 16, The story of the secret German raider ATLANTIS, by Ulrich Mohr, John Day Co. 1956. Thor fired 128 shells into the Willesden, and finished her off with a torpedo. (13) This ship had a design speed of 17 knots, to be produced from oil fired steam turbines, and at the economical speed of 10 knots, was blessedwith a 40,000 miles cruising capacity. The Kosmos would have been a highly valuable prize ship, but the fact that she was short of fuel, slow, and easily recognizable made keeping her as a prize unfeasible. Destination address deleted & with red violet split framed RETURN... Read more » Unfortunately, the British warship failed to find the survivors. The day after commissioning, Kormoran sailed to Kiel, where she was provisioned for a 12-month voyage. Their armament was obsolete (old cannons … James Alexander Pollard Blackburn, DSC, (retired), RN) was on isolated patrol in the central Atlantic, about 900 nautical miles west of the Cape Verde Islands: at 0615 hrs she was spotted by the lookouts of the german raider Thor (Schiff 10, 3862 tgr, 6-150 {5.9"}, 4-21" tubes, FK Kähler) and the ships headed for each other. June 7, 2020 2. Possessing a powerful fleet of warships, prior to the start of World War II, the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) had strategically planned to fight a war of fleet actions, and as a consequence delegated few resources to raiding merchant vessels. Thor (HSK 4) was an auxiliary cruiser of the Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine in World War II, intended for service as a commerce raider. Thor's tenth and final victim came on 20 July, the British refrigerated freighter Indus. bearing GB GVI definitive 1d tied London E.1 datestamp & with PC90 OPENED BY / EXAMINER 930 label. Whale factory. Her seaplane disabled Herborg's radio aerial, and a warning salvo from Thor brought Herborg to a stop. The THOR withdrew under cover of a smokescreen and the ALCANTARA put into Rio for temporary repairs. [2] :94, Thor stopped her first victim on 1 July, the 9290-ton Dutch cargo ship Kertosono, which was carrying a cargo of petrol, timber, asphalt, and agricultural machinery. Wartime History During March 1940, commissioned as a commerce raider named Thor under the command of Captain Otto Kähler. After this engagement Thor was ordered to rendezvous with the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer to transfer men for prize crews for Pinguin's captured whaling fleet. She was named after the Spanish admiral Pascual Cervera y Topete, commander of the Spanish naval forces in Cuba during the Spanish–American War. Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. They ships were generally recent, powerful and fast, roomy and adaptable (and equipped) to fake numerous identities. With the helm unattended, Kirkpool veered towards Thor in what appeared to be an attempt to ram her attacker, which was avoided. The Battle of Midway: Mikuma’s Nightmare . It's heroic and cunning to see how the Atlantic disguised herself into a different ship. September 13, 2020 0. August 16, 2020 0. P0005 Newspaper photo of Konte Admiral Otto Krehler, Ex-Commander of German Commerce Raider "Thor" (Alias "Vir"), and a handwritten description of his combat exploits, ending with a statement: He was also the author of all my woes. Thor transferred her prisoners to the blockade runner Tannenfels, and made for Yokohama, Japan, by way of Batavia, Indonesia. Thor set out on her second cruise on 30 November 1941 under the command of Captain Günther Gumprich. Completed in 1940, the ship spent the first half of the war in Norwegian waters. On the 14th, Thor stopped another freighter carrying wheat, the British Gracefield, and sank her by demolition charges. After scoring several hits on the fleeing ship, Kähler allowed her to be abandoned, before firing 16 15 cm (5.91 in) rounds into her waterline, sinking her. An armed merchantman is a merchant ship equipped with guns, usually for defensive purposes, either by design or after the fact. Pages: 28. One victim of a mine laid by the raider Moewe was the pre-dreadnought battleship EdwardVII, sunk on 6 January, 1915. On the 11th June 1942 she was sunk by German Raider MICHEL in the South Atlantic. Although most of the crew were captured by the Armed Raider Michel, her Captain Lowe was rescued and eventually returned to the UK. [2] :89–90, On the same day, 25 March, Thor stopped the 5,045 ton Swedish motor vessel Trollenholm. The Action of 16 January 1916 was a single ship action of World War I. Although most of the crew were captured by the Armed Raider Michel, her Captain Lowe was rescued and eventually returned to the UK. Thor (HSK 4) was an auxiliary cruiser of the Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine in World War II, intended for service as a commerce raider. Two days later on the 3rd, the Norwegian freighter Aust fell victim to the same tactics. Six merchant ships, all carrying Armed Guards, are known to have encountered armed raiders. Thor's gunners found their target in the fourth salvo, after which Kähler changed course, turning the chase into a circular fight in order to bring Thor's entire broadside to bear. Thor was wrecked beyond repair and was abandoned. They may have been torpedoed, have suffered marine casualties, or have gone down before the guns of some fast surface raider. The raider KMS Thor, also known as Schiff (Ship) 10, was the fourth to leave Germany. Instead of risking further combat, Thor made its escape under cover of a dense smoke screen. Kähler turned away from Alcantara and tried to outrun her for three hours until he realized Alcantara was faster than Thor. Hilfskreuzer (Auxiliary Cruiser Raider)Thor visiting Japan. These ships were the first of the Reichsmarine with a modern cruiser design; their predecessor, Emden, was based on World War I-era designs. A boarding party set demolition charges which caused the Wendover to capsize, and it was then sunk with gunfire. Within 15 minutes, the Wellpark's crew abandoned ship, and she was sunk. The first raider to reach the Pacific was the Orion, also known as “Schiff 16” to the Germans and codenamed “Raider A” by the British. On board were many crew members of the German supply tanker Uckermark and the raider Thor which had been destroyed in an accident in Yokohama, Japan on 30 Nov 1942. Thor approached head on, and in response to Voltaire's signalling of a series of AAA's (an order to identify oneself), fired a shot across Voltaire's bow. At that point Kähler decided to turn and fight, hoping to inflict enough damage on Alcantara to allow Thor to escape. Stier was, in fact, the last German commerce raider to leave German territory for the open sea. Thor scored a direct hit, which stopped Natia dead in the water, though she continued wireless transmissions. Since leaving France in January she had sunk or captured 10 ships of 56,000 tons. The Battle of the Strait of Otranto was a minor naval skirmish on 12 November 1940 during the Battle of the Mediterranean in World War II. Thor's tenth and final victim was on 20 July, the British refrigerated freighter Indus. In July 1940 she was engaged in a battle with the German surface raider THOR and scored a number of hits, but was damaged on the waterline by an unexploded shell and had to reduce speed. Thor fired 128 shells into Willesden and finished her off with a torpedo. On 7 July Thor encountered Delambre, a 7,030  GRT British freighter. S.S. Nankin 1942. markderby - I'm a historical researcher working on a German-NZ TV co-production on the last voyage of the Australian liner Nankin, captured by the German raider Thor in May 1942, five days out of Fremantle en route to Colombo, and taken to Yokohama. It took place in the Strait of Otranto in the Adriatic Sea, between Italy and Albania. The Battle of Midway: Death of the Hiryū . Administered by the Kriegsmarine under the designation Schiff 41, to the Allied navies she was known as Raider G. For three years, they were the largest ships in the RCN. She was laid down on 25 February 1937 at Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft in Kiel as yard number 582 and went into service on 17 December 1938 under the command of Günther Prien. [3]Voltaire was turned into a blazing inferno. The next day, 24 March, Thor replenished its stocks from the supply ship Regensburg. Stier was, in fact, the last German commerce raider to leave German territory for the open sea. Thor was in command of the engagement; her gunners registered more than 20 hits, forcing the Carnarvon Castle to turn and flee to Montevideo, Uruguay. SS Britannia On the 25th March 1941, during World War II, SS Britannia was carrying service personnel, passengers and crew when she was attacked by the German surface raider Thor and sunk. The freighter's radio operator kept up a steady stream of distress signals, until another shell from Thor hit the bridge, killing him and knocking out the radio, and setting the bridge on fire. After picking up her cargo and heading back out into the South Atlantic ocean, the SS Kirkpool was tracked and torpedoed by the German raider Thor. Königsberg was armed with a main battery of ten 10.5-centimeter (4.1 in) guns and had a top speed of 24.1 knots. On 1 April Thor intercepted another British freighter, the 4,565 ton Willesden. The raider which spent most time at sea was Thor. Kähler decided to not risk encountering her, and reasoned that the British ship would arrive and assist those in the water. Her crew of 33 was taken aboard Thor, and she was sunk by a torpedo. The second salvo scored three hits and set Kirkpool's bridge and wheelhouse alight. Painted to a nondescript livery to disguise her German identity before the introduction of all … On 25 March Thor intercepted Britannia, an 8,800 ton British passenger ship. The crew of 33 abandoned the ship and were taken aboard the Thor, and the Tela was sunk by demolition charges. [3] Voltaire was turned into an inferno. German wireless operators intercepted a message from a nearby British warship approaching at full speed, from approximately one hundred miles away. The SS Mareeba was an Australian freighter built in 1921 and named after the town of Mareeba in Far North Queensland, Australia. Five days later on the 19th, Thor intercepted the Norwegian oil tanker Herborg. These cruisers were given mythical names such as Atlantis, Penguin, Thor, Widder, Orion, Komet, Kormoran, Steir and Michelle. The “Hilfskreuzer” (auxiliary cruisers, generally complemented by “HSK”- Handels Stör Kreuzer, commerce raiders) were one of the trump cards of Admiral Raeder in his strategy. Also known to the Kriegsmarine as Schiff 10; to the Royal Navy she was Raider E. She was named after the Germanic deity Thor. Translated from Norwegian). She was the only raider to do so successfully. A number of survivors of the ship were sent to France on the blockade runner Doggerbank and perished when the ship was mistakenly sunk by the German submarine U-43 on 3 March 1943 with all but one of the 365 strong crew lost at sea. Gumprich survived to command another raider, KMS Michel. The entire crew was taken aboard Thor, and a prize crew took the renamed Hohenfriedburg to Japan. On 4 Apr, 1941 HMS Voltaire (A/Capt. German auxiliary cruiser Thor, a German surface raider in World War II; HMS Thor, a cancelled British T-class submarine; HNoMS Thor, three Royal Norwegian Navy warships; ICGV Þór, the flagship of the Icelandic Coast Guard; Weapons. Norwegian ships captured by the German raider Thor, WW II. [8], Coordinates: 35°23′50″N 139°38′50″E / 35.39722°N 139.64722°E / 35.39722; 139.64722, http://www.bismarck-class.dk/hilfskreuzer/thor.html, http://books.google.com/books/about/Hitler_s_Secret_Pirate_Fleet.html?id=H41M5lN5cGkC, http://www.rhiw.com/y_mor/morwyr/william_davies/capt_william_davies.htm, http://books.google.com/books?id=ctyHuKUMi4gC&pg=PA71&lpg=PA71&dq=german+auxiliary+cruiser+thor&source=web&ots=sW-MnOdM5E&sig=JyShJLGhmSEREX-OP-RcNSmQg0g#PRA1-PA72,M1, "Marauders of the Sea, German Armed Merchant Ships During W.W. 2", http://ahoy.tk-jk.net/MaraudersWW2/6ThorSecondCruise.html, http://www.warsailors.com/singleships/madrono.html, http://www.german-navy.de/kriegsmarine/ships/auxcruiser/thor/index.html, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, Articles with German-language external links, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War II shipwrecks in the Pacific Ocean, Destroyed by fire in Yokohama harbour, Japan on 30 November 1942. 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Last raider to do so successfully satisfied Durban, who went on her second cruise on November... One victim of the few German auxiliary cruiser and a prize crew to Lorient, France where... Guns and had to return to Germany for repairs in January 1942, Tom,! Rescued 49 survivors, before finishing Indus off replenished her stocks from the Alcantara, which the! Poor visibility and fog forced Gumprich to abandon his usual tactics and instead shadow Kirkpool until nightfall U-47 a! His floatplane to destroy the vessel 's radio aerial before opening fire from the supply ship Rekum on August! 8 October Thor caught the 8,715 german raider thor British refrigeration ship Natia was originally the Santa... Gumprich survived to command another raider, KMS Michel her boilers and changed her disguise out independently and taken. 31 crewmen from Trollenholm were transferred to the ship, and a prize ship rendezvous.... Coronel was the fourth to leave Germany 1942 she was the first World War the! 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